Band Plan Region 3 IARU guideline - ethics and operation Why LSB below 10 MHZ ?


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A day before my Ternate's trip one of the two power supply units cut my house supply when I switched it on. I decided to have a look at it as soon as I returned home. There were two tasks I need to complete after the trip, to change my car battery which had indicated it's weak power for the last 7 days and secondly to attend to my PSU.

Changing battery is simple. Just drive the car to the battery shop and changed it. But to fix the power supply unit is hard for me. At 72 my vision is bad, my hands are shaky and the solder is of a poor quality. It refuses to stick to the soldering points.

I suspected a short circuit that flowed to the earth. I cut the earth wire connection of the PSU's socket, checked every power outlet of any possible stray wire that might have touched the positive and the negative parts of the terminals. I cut the switch cable to trace the beginning part that might have caused the problem. I opened up the fuse compartment which showed the broken small fuse.

Nothing happened when I plugged in the PSU cable to the main. I realized I should replace the fuse first. But I failed to find one. I had to connect the fuse externally. I tried to power it on again. Nothing happened. Then I tried to solder the switch cable. After several attempts I failed. I had no flux and the solder might have been of low quality stuff. So I temporarily joined them using the minute crocodile clips.

At this juncture I could power on the PSU, connected the radio power cables and tested the transmission. All worked very fine. In a couple of day's time I will be looking for the solder flux and a better quality but of more expensive solder, and a few small fuses.

Have I been much younger with better vision and steadier muscles things might have been different. I used to repair my transceiver before on several occasions. But to say I am too old to do the repair work, I found older Americans could even work with lathe machine and doing soldering work on PC board. I am just 72. They are more than 80.

I hate to ask for people's help. I erected my radio antenna by myself, solder the coaxial plugs and setting up a complete radio station without asking for help and assistance. My work was always crude in look. Good or bad I feel proud as I do them myself.

22/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof


I just came back from Ternate, arriving home at about 9pm on 20th July 2018, after being in the island for four days and 2 days in Makassar. To my friends the island has no historical significant. None was interested in going to see the spice plantation. Even the hotel we stayed did not have spice exploration in it's sight seeing trip.

At our hotel in Ternate FAMBELA

We took one solid day to tour the interesting places, five of us, taking by the hotel car at the cost of Rupiah 50000, approximately RM150. It was worst a trip. Two of my friends took a bath in the blue-green clear water. I just enjoyed the scene. Other time we went to a very fine restaurant to have delicious sea-food. The meals were much cheaper and tastier than what they have at the hotels.

People go for snorkling here

Durians were not sold by the weight but by the numbers. I was not so keen. My friends did. We went to the town twice for the fruit, one in the afternoon and one at night. I didn't know how much were paid as out financier paid from our pool. For food, airport transportations and travelling each paid about RM300. My total expenditure was RM2.1k.

21/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



I only have RM20 left in my purse. That would last me for only for one day for two meals. It means I have to skip my breakfast. I decided to take some cash out from Bank Rakyat. I have still have the ATM card with me.

At about 8 pm last night I rushed to Kedah Medical Centre as it the nearest place with an ATM machine. After shafting the card twice it says transaction was not approved. I was panicked. While walking to my car I had a morbid feeling of being a vagrant, a beggar life, asking myself what I would do if I have no money. I started to remember people coming to see me asking for a loan or an outright cash. Sometimes I was kind enough, other time I was a little harsh at them. I have maids who have been asking me to send home to Indonesia for an ailing parents, and even a fare for the flight home.

I drove fast to the next destination, to the main bank itself. After inserting my card and punching the number the message said that I need to use a new card. The change of card began on the 1st July 2017, almost a year ago.

Sadness and fear clung me. It looked like I have to use the money I reserve for my hotel and other expenditure in Kuala Lumpur on the coming 14th July.

I always budgeting my expenditure for a month, and will not spend more than what I have for that month. That explains why I stayed home for several days to make sure I could delay of my money draining away from my pocket.

I live on a meagre pension fund. I used the saving for my trip, and it always leaves me in a tight spot after my trip. People thought I am a loaded person, and approached for a huge loan even up to RM50K to RM300K. And one Haji Halim, a contractor seeking me for a RM500 and never paid until today.

Hve you ever been broke ? How did yo deal with the situation ?

13/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



I talked to people eye to eye, using hand-phone, skype, whatsapp, radio and Morse codes. Not many could do as what I can do even though they have all those in front of their eyes. They are unable to talk using Morse codes.

I just have a chat with a Thai radio operator HS7JEN using the codes through radio wave. It was fun and satisfying. The feeling of achievements is on the successful decoding of the codes sound just by hearing. There is a pride within us, the coders, that nobody could take away from us. It is not an ego but the intense internal joy and satisfaction.

I used to talk to friends for hours on end, using my fingers, translating ideas into codes and my head to change the codes into words. My oversea partner, YB6LD, Don, has passed away at his young age. My local partner has a problem with his antenna system, 9M2ZN, Mazwan. But today I do  not spend much time in my radio shack anymore. Many a time I closed down my station just after working with only one station.

Once upon a time Morse codes is synonymous with Ham radio as far as it was adopted as a hobby. I learned it because I wanted to be in the amateur radio fraternity as it was a mandatory prerequisite for a radio license. I device a method to teach myself the code as there were no teachers and no computers to assist. The struggle instilled discipline in us, making us to be more resilient.

Right now  one Malaysian , a teacher by profession, Zaki Din, is in Germany to participate in some sort of Morse codes competition combining with a Thai national representing the Asian region. Both are very well verse in the codes. The Ham radio also called the code as CW, a short form of Continuous Wave.

There are thousands of people who prefer to have communications in CW among themselves rather than using their vocal chords.

Efforts in learning Morse could change a person's attitude and ethics.

12/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



When I was a kid I used to buy garlic pickles. Almost 72 years later I have never heard of it anymore. A week ago I met a retired friend who told me about him consuming garlic capsules everyday for quite some years and never felt tired when he went hill climbing. Following his story I checked the websites about it. The articles mentioned that garlic lowered blood pressure and reduce cholesterol in the body.

I made an enquiry at random from Chinese shops where about I can find garlic pickles. They pointed at the market in China town. A small bottle cost me RM7.50. I did not count the number of garlic inside the plastic container. And I didn't remember how many I consumed them each day. The bottle lasted me for about a week.

I have not checked my blood pressure yet. It is too quick to make any summary of it's effect. I didn't get tired too quickly when I went for my evening walk. I would get tired for the first 2.5 kilo meters. Since the garlic consumption I could sustain my strength till 5 km. But it must also coincide with the sleep I have. For 3 or 4 hours of sleep I tend to get tired fast if I were to walk fast enough.

Today I replenish the pickles, buying a couple of bottles. I washed it first before I ate it to ensure chemicals would be drained off if any. I also bought ginger pickles but will not consume it till I return from my Ternate trip on the 20th July.

Right now I have two friends with chronic illness. Both of them have a wide knowledge on the disease they suffer. Yet they fell sick. I too may die anytime., garlic or not.

10/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



People have been buying medical insurance for decades, wealthy people, businessmen and professionals. I didn't care then as I thought me being a government servant would be safeguarded by the government hospital. I knew that I would still get free medical attention even after retirement.

I realized the benefit of such an insurance only after I left my job. My sick friends preferred private hospital to the government's. They bought insurance for the whole family and paid nothing for the whole treatment. Now even teachers have a special medical scheme for them.

My bank sent several insurance scheme even for an aged men of 65. I thought it was too expensive to depart with RM250 per-months. What if I did not fell sick within 10 years ? And after all I could get a free medical service in government hospital ? I just dismissed the attractive offer by the bank.

Insurance companies emerged everywhere looking for customers. Many approached me and lectured me of the benefit, very attractive. Not much to pay for. I was interested.

But when I told them of my age they only uttered the word 'sorry'.

Recently I had had a cataract operation in a private hospital. It was quite a substantial sum. I did not do in in the local hospital for it would take more than six months before the procedure. I talked to those who were having the operation together with me. All were financed by their insurance. 80% of them were business men.

It looks like insurance has been a way of life in most countries right now. They even wanted to make it mandatory for every citizen. I am sure we have heard of Obamacare in the United States. There was a talk previously about making it mandatory even in this country.

If Najib is still given a bodyguard and other ex-PM benefit, it is sure enough the government will not neglect his family in case anyone fell sick.


10/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



Najib's camp is still thinking the Malays will come to pity him and will kneel at him. He believes in his coming back. He is trying to play victim and poor as he is aiming at killing his enemies, those who will fight against him in the court of law. And he is trying to show that he is a poor man now as his money is being blocked by the present government.

Najib is still having billion somewhere at home and abroad. If Zahid's family can keep over a billion locally, we would expect Najib to have more, hidden somewhere.

The people see his game and his art of escaping persecution. I read a message that said, "If Mahathir and company fails, we will take action."  What sort of action that will come will stay as a guessing game. A huge majority of the population hate Najib for many things that he had done. We don't know how much can they contain their patience.

It takes a few chaps only to strike fire to push for mob violence as what had happen during the French Revolution and the rise of People's Power in the Philippines. Time and again writers reminded Najib of Saddam and gadafi's fate. His current drama are making people losing their composures. They have listed the names of those devious people in Najib's camp, including the despicable lawyer and judges. A single swoop will net all these crooks. People's court will be very divastating.

You may not believe what I say. Let us just wait and see.

10/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



A radio friend of mine received a letter from the local town council demanding him to dismantle a 70 foot antenna tower seen as illegal under Section 70(1). He need to apply for permission to build a tower on his own land, and he has to submit a plan. The plan must consist of a tower and the power house beneath the tower.

Panicking on receiving the letter he informed a few of his friends about the warning. We get together and discuss the matter, and decided to appeal to the local authority to allow it as it was only for the radio hobby, which also would benefit the country in case of emergency and natural disaster. We wrote a letter an appeal letter and posted.

A month later my friend received another letter of disapproval, quoting the same clause of Section 70(1). I made a search from the web on the regulation on clause 70(1) and found it. It said "no building is allowed to be built on private land without permission". Nothing about tower.

I suggested that he asked for a court hearing. Let the local council issue a summon.

I said that his small radio tower is not the real tower as built by the Communication companies which are more than 150', taking up a huge area as the structure of the base only is more than 15 feet in diameter, and with a power as well as a small shack below it. A structure can only be considered a building if it provides protection from rain or shine, whereas his small radio tower has a base of less than 1 foot. And nowhere one can find shade at all.

In court we could ask for self defence, I told him. Then we should ask to authority to define a building and show us the samples of the towers they have in their files.

It has been almost 4 months now from the first letter. Nothing has happened yet.

My friend is still waiting for the action of the town council.


09/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



You may be a fantastic traveller but I don't think many of you could beat my travelling experiences. I have a fuzzy memory to put the experience in sequence. They came to my mind in random manners.

I have been mugged and robbed in early morning while taking a stroll at the back lane in Los Angeles. I was confronted by wild youths in Hawaii when I asked them for a direction but luckily the bus was around to enabled me to hop in. At a lodging home in Hawaii also they put me in a room with a lady I didn't know. I took boat rides from village to village and explore the places alone on the other side of Menam Chao Phraya, where I saw big trees were tied with yellow cloth around them. In Disneyland area California young couples approached me for some dollars for dinner. There were two hitch hikers that I picked up on my rented car somewhere in the United States refusing to leave the vehicle when we had arrived a city, till I drove the car to the police station to drop them there.

That was when I travelled alone at the age between 19 to 25.

In those days to go to the United States we had to fly via Japan. From Japan to Los Angeles the flight would stop at Honolulu. As far as I can remember I followed the route for at least ten times. Each time I would break journey at Hawaii and enjoy the scenery and the Hula Kodak Show. The last time in Hawaii I took a long rest on Waikiki Beach while waiting for the 2 am flight. I left my baggage at the airport and went to the beach, slept there, took a pipe water bath and stroll along the pathway where people were playing chess along the way. There were tables with chess sets for people to exercise their minds.

I was watching a game, between a Black and a White man. They played two games and the Black man won. He asked me whether I would have a game with him. Gladly I accepted the challenge. He lost the game. He asked me where I was from. While chatting he asked for another. I also won the second one. I said I had to stop lest my I might miss my flight. He gave a card and told me to look for him if I were to make a visit to Hawaii again.

In 2004 or 2005 I made another trip to USA. But this time with two radio friends. Our aim was to go to Dayton Ohio for the ham radio convention called Hamvention. Ohio was in the Mid West. The plane had to go to Los Angeles first and then to New York. From New York we planned to rent a car to proceed to Ohio. We decided to break journey and stayed in California for a week.

In California we drove almost throughout the state including Las Vegas.

I asked my friends to go to Mexico as I had been there to Tijuana before with a tour group. During that time the tour group entered the country and out of it without having have to show our passport. I thought the procedure was similar.

At the point we parked our car we saw Mexicans entered the border through a gate. So we followed them in. After enjoying the sight seeing and having the delicious rice with grilled fish food we decided to return to USA. But we did not remember the gate we came from.

After about 30 minutes of search we saw a long line of Mexicans going through a building. We followed them and to discover it was the border immigration. People were showing their passports. As our turn arrived the custom officer asked for entry documents. We had a hard time explaining about how we entered the country through the gate. We argued with the immigration showing our arrival date in USA. It took about 2 hours before we could convince them and were freed, allowed to enter USA again.

There wasn't any amazing special events that took place during my travel with organized tour groups.

I started to travel and explore when I was 19 until now. Now I am 72.


09/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



Lately I have been watching the Youtube documentaries on Chinese Muslims in the Western states of China, on the marriage tradition and on the Halal Foods. These countries lies along the Silk Route. I failed to go to these places with the local tour agencies despite my booking payments because of the lack of quorum. This year I already paid RM1K about two months ago for the same trip.

I hope to see the fascinating rainbow mountain range and to observe the Chinese Muslim culture. I noticed so far from the clips they are pure Chinese and not a face of Middle Eastern Arabic people. They speak mandarin, eat with chop sticks, and using joysticks. Without the head scarves and the hats we wouldn't have guessed that they are Muslims.

Like every other Chinese they are hardworking people. Elderly people are very strong and active unlike some of the races in the world, who would be lazy and indolent, especially of the Street people in the United States.

I just want to look at these people with my own eyes, shake hands with them and eat their food. They also speak Arabic. To me assessment and estimation they are more advance and progressive than the local Malaysian Malays.

From the documentaries I noticed the local governments are Communist but the co-operation with the people is very friendly. The Chinese Premier was once making a visit to one of the newly opened mosques in one of the cities.

I hope the visit will materialize. It will be on the 11th. of September 2018. To me the time is short computing from today, yet no news is herd from the travel agency, Safirgotravel.


08/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



Not being a lawyer or with the knowledge of law, I do know that criminals and the guilty people would strive to destroy or change whatever dates on the documents. And some even faked materials as evidences.

I know the story about 1Mdb about 2017 when it was exploded in 2015 as exposed by WSJ and DOJ. I heard the denials by Najib and his people. They were talking about the fake report by Sarawak Report. When Mahyuddin asked about it the later was sacked. Only then the donation story told. Later Najib said the money was returned.

I would have charged Najib for having kept the money in secret illegally from the date the money came in till the date he said he returned the money. Or I even might have shortened the timeline the money in his possession. It was obvious that when Hussein Najadi wanted all the transactions to be reported to Bank Negara that he was murdered. In my mind it was Najib who killed him through the third party. Such circumstantial was seen on the murder of Kevin Morais and PI Bala. The manipulations had been done. This is what Najib has to answer to God.

The DOJ Report can always corroborate the money trail. Now we do understand why torture was used to extract the truth.

People recorded the lies that have been told about the money. And lies about 1Mdb by Arulkanda and Najib and covered by Apandi Ali under OSA, and the actions taken on investigators. In court we can always show a string of lies told by Najib. If the authority does not remember them the members of the public and the media do keep records on them. Just appeal to them to come forward.

What I don't know who authorize payment to the false IPIC. If it was Najib, the authority can charge him under several acts as it involved millions of ringgit.

Once money is taken illegally it is called stealing. A crime has been committed. Giving back the money does not squashed the crime done.

But it is funny that Najib claimed he returned the funny. If it was a donation then why should he returned them. We are anxious to know how much have been spent out of the 2.6 billions. Can foreign countries financed the local election ? Again I am sure it is illegal and Najib can still be charged under it. At least he must informed his deputy and other UMNO members that he had 2.6 billions for the GE13 election. I remember even in 2015 all UMNO members denied that Najib has that much into his account in Malaysia. Why didn't he inform them ?


08/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



I am not a footballer but I always say that if anybody is shooting a goal he speed of the ball must be at 32 feet per second square. It a speed that the goalkeeper cannot catch the ball kicked away from him. Of course no layer can compute how fast does his ball travel. It means he has to kick the ball hard even he is near the goal post.

In the World Cup 2018 so far I saw 80%  of the kick to the goal reached the speed except for a few of the heading that saw jumping and clicking the head. The forceful headings with the forward momentum of the body.

Another important basic prerequisite is speed and stamina. All except the goal keeper must be able to run very fast with the ball. And the rest is tactical planning.

I hate to see players passing the ball to the opponents. If the same player has made a habit then I would blame the coach for not running the systematic coaching. This happened to our local state team. Winning or losing I would expect discussions during the viewing of recorded video clips.

Millions of soccer fans can't even kick a ball but they know what go wrong with a game, the weak players, who have skill and who are not, and who are careless not alert when in the field.

Playing well does not mean a team will emerge as a sure winner. We saw this in the ongoing World Cup tournaments. These are indicated by the penalty kicks where luck, psychology, a slight mishaps and other unknown intervening variables might come in, like a sudden change of thrust in wind velocity.

Teams with Neymar, Ronaldo, Messi and Suarez however do failed to enter semi-final. Probably the other teams have players of similar skills or that it is telling us that teamwork is the most vital part of a game. Only the legacy of Pele required us to ponder what really made Brazil so supreme in those days when Pele was in.

Malaysia is still having a long way to go. Harimau was even beaten by a team from Papua New Guinea.


08/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



The trip to Ternate is soon. As usual I would make a pin badge and a keychain as seen in the picture here. There will be five of us and I gathered the materials for the items.

The key chain is a little complicated because I need to put a mirror and a sticker. I started with it. The first one was fine. The second one was with the sticker sticking out by just less a millimeter.

There are two cups that I need to make a press. The first one is to stick a picture to a circular tin. The second one is to stick the first portion to the mirror and it's container. There are two compartments for the work.

On the second keychain, I failed in the first and the second presses. Probably it was due to my physical mobility error. Nothing came out. The mirror was also missing. They got stuck on the top part of the moulder.

It took me hours to clear the junk and the broken mirror. The machine detached into two parts. Though it made the work easier to clean, I took a long time to figure out how to put them back.

I was finally successful and continued with my work, producing 5 key chains and 5 pin-badges.

I am almost ready to pack up. I already booked a hotel room, Sky Star that provide a shutter service for additional RM15. The room is about RM85. The journey will begin on 14th July 2018.

08/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof



They are almost gone. I think it is due to ageing. Politics robbed much fun from me. I spent too much time though I tried to avoid it. The pull was uncontrollable strong that I lost so much free time to do other things. I totally stopped writing programming codes for computers. At one time I made quite a substantial sum of money developing soft wares. Even if I wanted to get involve into it again my brain is getting rotten.

The other hobby I used to have was the Ham Radio. I started it around 1975 and I was very unhappy with the new policy. It has lost much of the old essence of the traditional touch, in particular the abolishment of Morse codes. The new breed brought in the new values that many of my radio friends pull themselves away from the hobby. The spirit and the interest died down. Only once in a blue moon I would work a station or two in Morse codes.

In school I played chess, not as a school player. But the school chess team would always take me with them whenever they were having competition in Penang or in Perak. I had had two sparring partners, Lee Meng Khoon and Lee Meng Soon, two brothers who are now medical doctors. I never beat them. I became a chess champion while in Technical Teachers Training College. Years later I learned the Chinese Chess and would frequent a Chinese medical shop just to play the game with another hobbyist. Today I have lost touched with the game. I remember I played a couple of games in Hawaii and won both of the games. The Hawaiian friend seemed to be sad as I told him that I was only a visitor to the island from Malaysia. It was a pride moment for me.

Those were the three main hobbies I used to enjoy but has vanished altogether.

What remain is writting a blog in a language that I never passed in my life. I am not ashamed to bulldoze my fingers on this very keyboard.

My memory starts to fade. My mobility slows down. I am 72 and going 73, living alone and attending myself. I don't regret to be as what I am now. I find time to entertain myself with Youtube and Whatsapp application chatting with a few old friends. I go and see places whenever I have the chance. On the coming 14 I will be leaving my home for Ternate island in Indonesia.

I never expect to be as old as Dr Mahathir. If God decides to take me away I also would thank the Almighty. God has blessed me with abundance beyond my expectation. Thanks God.


07/07/2018 - Abdul Rahman Raof

There is nothing better than the good health that we should always hope to have the next moment and the next dad ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss